The Natural History Volume 4

Unabridged Audiobook

Written By: Pliny The Elder

Narrated By: LibriVox Volunteers

Publisher: LibriVox

Date: January 2016

Duration: 16 hours 29 minutes


Naturalis Historia (Latin for "Natural History") is an encyclopedia published circa AD 77-79 by Pliny the Elder. It is one of the largest single works to have survived from the Roman empire to the modern day and purports to cover the entire field of ancient knowledge, based on the best authorities available to Pliny. The work became a model for all later encyclopedias in terms of the breadth of subject matter examined, the need to reference original authors, and a comprehensive index list of the contents. The scheme of his great work is vast and comprehensive, being nothing short of an encyclopedia of learning and of art so far as they are connected with nature or draw their materials from nature. The work divides neatly into the organic world of plants and animals, and the realm of inorganic matter, although there are frequent digressions in each section. He is especially interested in not just describing the occurrence of plants, animals and insects, but also their exploitation (or abuse) by man, especially Romans. The description of metals and minerals is particularly detailed, and valuable for the history of science as being the most extensive compilation still available from the ancient world. (Summary adapted from Wikipedia by Leni)

This fourth volume includes books sixteen to twenty, covering the following subjects:

Book 16 - The natural history of the forest trees
Book 17 - The natural history of the cultivated trees
Book 18 - The natural history of grain
Book 19 - The nature and cultivation of flax and an account of various garden plants
Book 20 - Remedies derived from the garden plants

Volume 1 of this work can be found here
Volume 2 of this work can be found here
Volume 3 of this work can be found here


Natural History Volume 4

by Pliny The Elder

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Natural History Volume 4, Pliny The Elder